Climate change is one of the most pressing challenges the world is facing today. It is defined as an increase in global average surface temperature, leading to a rise in sea levels and extreme weather events. The primary driver of this is the burning of fossil fuels, which releases large amounts of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane that accumulate in the atmosphere, trapping heat and raising the temperature of the earth.
The effects of climate change are far-reaching and devastating. Not only is it a basic threat to human health, but the environment is also at risk, as habitats are destroyed by rising sea levels and extreme weather events, while ecosystems struggle to adapt to extreme temperatures and changes in precipitation patterns. In addition, many of the solutions that are currently being pursued to reduce emissions are expensive and difficult to implement, especially in developing countries.
The answer to combating this problem lies in creating renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and geothermal power. These technologies are clean, renewable